Political Parties and Election

 Political parties and election are very significant in America, they are essential to government and American citizens. In fact, as a Chinese, I am not really understand the impact of political parties and election deep, but I know they are important parts of government.

   American political parties are groups of people who wants to control government and shape public policy. The key methods includes winning elections and holding public office. The job of parties is governing, they need to enforce party loyalty, to overcome Constitutional framework and to balance powers. These are very critical to government. Among the political parties, the two-party system takes up a large part. A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government. According to the history, in the beginning, there were two parties in America: Federalists and Anti-Federalists. Currently, the two-party system in America includes Democrat and Republican. Except two-party system, there are third parties in America. Third parties mean  party other than one of the two dominant parties, are possible in two-party systems, but they are often unlikely to exert much influence by gaining control of legislatures or by winning elections. In contrast, third parties have fewer powers and less influence than two major parties. Although third parties have less influence, they still have significance in political parties.

   During the class, we discussed the Democratic Party and Republican Party, some people prefer Democrat, others prefer Republican. And the reasons why people prefer Democrat or Republican are different. http://www.enkivillage.com/differences-between-democrats-and-republicans.htmlI think that Democrat and Republican are not only conflicted, but also related to each other, both of them have advantages and disadvantages, people cannot certainly judge which one is better. We cannot judge which one should be supported and which one should be eliminated, and that relates to the third parties, people cannot judge that the existence of third parties is good or bad; maybe they can expand people’s thought, or maybe they will have negative influence. When people talk about political parties, they want to find that the policies of which party more closely match the values of American people. Different people will have different opinion, but whatever people think, the most important thing is that do not let the theory of these parties limit people’s thought. The responsibility of people is to provide suggestion and improve the quality of government and political parties.

   So much for political parties, election is also a very important part of government. In the discussion of election, we discovered that money plays a significant role to gain more election. http://www.opensecrets.org/bigpicture/ The influence of money in the politics is huge, the more money the politics have, the more power they will get. For instance, there are two candidates, one has more financial support than another, exactly, the candidate who have more money will win the election. After talking about the role of money, let’s turn to the electoral college, it is a group of people appointed by each state who formally elect the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state has different electoral votes. Big states such as Texas, Florida and New York, candidates prefer to gain the votes of these big states which have more electoral votes. But that does not mean small states are not important, they are important.

   In conclusion, no matter the political parties or the election, they all reflect the rights of citizen, what people need to think is that how can they use their rights better.

Yi L



About SaintsGOV16
We are students in Dr. Ostroff's sections of U.S. Government at All Saints' Episcopal School in Fort Worth, Texas. (www.aseschool.org).

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